Teatro Greco

taormina

09 August 2018

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Teatro Antico di Taormina

The ancient theatre is without question the most important feature for sight-seers in Taormina, also because for its very fortunate natural setting, with the splendid view toward the Calabrian coast, the Ionian coast of Sicily and the spectacular cone of Etna.

The construction of the amphitheater starts probably by the Greeks around the third century. BC, at the time of Hiero II.

To allow the construction was necessary to remove manually from the mountain over 100,000 cubic meters of rock.

The plant was later renovated and expanded by the Romans who inserted columns, statues and ingenious covers.

Greek Theatre

Teatro Greco

 

HISTORY

The Teatro Greco of Taormina, who was born to accommodate dramatic performances or musical, it was transformed during the Roman times to make room for games and gladiatorial battles. This involved the expansion of the orchestra, which in Greek times was destined to the musicians, in order to be adapted to the new function arena.

The theater  is divided into several parts:

 

The scene

The scene is the most important part that remains of the theater and preservesin part, its original formBut nothing remains of his ornaments and columnsAccording to many scholars, the first order was made up of nine columns arranged in groups of threewhile the second was formed by sixteen columns lowest equidistantIt is said that these columns arrived by sea to Villagoniawere then attached with ropes and pulled by hordes of slaves to the TheatreDuring the Middle Agesmost of these columns were removed to build palaces and embellish places of worshipincluding the Cathedral. The scene is obviously where the actors used to perform.

 

The orchestra

The orchestra of the theatre was the area was for the musicians, but the choruses and dancers also performed there. In Roman age, it was transformed in the arena for the games of the gladiators.

 

The cavea

The cavea is all carved into the rock and could hold up to 5,400 spectatorsThe steps were separated into two partsin one sitting spectatorswho could also make use of the pillowin the other halfslightly hollowedrested his feet that sat on the top stepThe first places were definitely reserved for the authoritiesEven today, the auditorium is divided into nine sections cuneiform, served eight ladders.

 

The portici

Behind the wall of the upper closure of the caveato increase the number of places were built brick two large porches that accompanied the whole development of the caveaThe vaults of the arcades supported a terrace each. The first time supported the lower terracedivided into several rows of a wooden seat reserved for womenwhile the arc of the second porchwhich claimed the highest terrace of the theaterwithout fixed seatshoused the most humble people.

 

Access stairs

The scaling step makes three turns and narrowed as it roseIn the three carried outthere were three doors that introduced the auditoriumthe first gave the possibility of entry to the authorities and to the important peoplethe other spectators had to continue to go up in order to enter the auditorium.

 

The Teatro Greco of Taormina is the second largest theater of Sicilyafter the one in Syracuseit is also the world’s best known and most admired

Since the 50s the theater has been tapped to host various forms of entertainment like theaterconcertsthe award ceremonies of the David di Donatello, symphonies, operas and ballets.

ADDRESS

Via Teatro Greco, 40
PHONE: +39 0942 23220 / +39 0942 24291

TIMETABLE

From 1 January to 15 February 09:00 – 16:00
From 16 to 28 February 09:00 – 16:30
From 1 to 15 March 09:00 – 17:00
From 16 to 31 March 09:00 – 17:30
From April 1 to 30 9:00 – 18:30
From May 1 to August 31 09:00 – 19:00
From September 1 to 15 9:00 – 18:30
From September 16 to 30 9:00 – 18:00 
From 1 to 15 October 9:00 – 17:30
From 16 to 31 October 09:00 – 17:00
From 1 November to 31 December 09:00 – 16:00

 

RATES

Full ticket: € 10,00
Reduced ticket: € 5,00 (EU members age 18-25)
Free: 0,00 (EU members under the age of 18; Italian teachers; On your birthday; Every first Sunday of the month; Press)
Audioguide: € 5,00

* For reduced or free tickets, a document proving the requisites is required.

** No senior reductions (in accordance to D.M. 94/2014).

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